Mother Bethel African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church
The oldest parcel of land continuously owned by African-Americans
Walk on hallowed ground when you visit Mother Bethel AME Church, the mother church of the nation’s first black denomination. Founded in 1787, the church rests upon the oldest parcel of land continuously owned by African-Americans.
The church memorializes Rev. Richard Allen, its founding pastor and first bishop. A basement crypt serves as as museum, housing Allen’s tomb and other intriguing artifacts, including original pews and the original pulpit constructed and used by Rev. Allen. Recently installed exhibitions depict the church’s role as an Underground Railroad station.
While visiting the church, don’t miss its collection of huge stained-glass windows with both religious and Masonic images.
The origins of Mother Bethel date back to 1787 when Rev. Richard Allen and Absalom Jones encouraged black worshippers to form their own congregations after being forced to sit in the balconies during services at some of the city’s traditional white churches.
The church’s original structure was actually a wood frame blacksmith shop that Allen purchased and had moved to the church’s current location. In addition to his religious leadership, Allen was a prominent political and abolitionist activist. Mother Bethel was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1974.
Contact the church directly for visiting hours and upcoming services.
The greatest attractions are the tomb of Richard Allen and artifacts, such as old ballot boxes used to elect church officers, muskets from when Allen raised black troops during the War of 1812 and a wooden pew from the original blacksmith’s shop.
Nearby Historic Markers
Near Mother Bethel, at 6th and Lombard streets, stands a historic marker dedicated to the Free African Society, founded by wealthy sail-maker James Forten, Sr. and Reverends Richard Allen and Absolom Jones. The Free African Society’s concepts of identity and unity among the black community became the forerunner for the nation’s first African American churches and civil rights institutions.
A few blocks away, at 336 Lombard Street, another marker specifically honors James Forten, who is believed to have amassed a fortune exceeding $100,000 utilizing a multi-ethnic work force. Additionally, he helped organize the first Negro Convention in Philadelphia in 1830.
For more information on Mother Bethel African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church, click the button below.
In the neighborhood
12th and Spruce Streets
Philadelphia, PA 19107
- Holiday Inn Express Midtown
- Residence Inn Philadelphia Center City
- Holiday Inn Express
- DoubleTree By Hilton Philadelphia Center City
- Rodeway Inn Center City
- Sheraton Philadelphia Society Hill Hotel
- Hampton Inn Philadelphia Center City Convention Center
- Wyndham Philadelphia Historic District
- Loews Philadelphia Hotel
- View more hotels
Museums & Attractions
701 Arch Street
Philadelphia, PA 19106
- Elfreth’s Alley
- Independence National Historical Park
- Saint Peter’s Episcopal Church
- The Bishop White House
- Brasil’s Nightclub
- Second Bank of the United States
- Mechanics’ National Bank
- Mikveh Israel Congregation and Cemetery
- Independence After Hours
- View more attractions
Restaurants & Dining